The Scottish Terrier originated in the Highlands of Great Britain, where it was valued as a very effective fox and vermin hunter. Many breed experts feel the Scottie was a parent breed to many terrier breeds developed later. The Scottish Terrier stands 10 inches tall and weighs 18 to 22 pounds.
The breed is compact and sturdy. Their heads are long, eyes are small and almond-shaped, and ears are small and upright, never cropped. The body is slightly longer than tall. The tail is about 7 inches long and not docked. The coat is hard and wiry. There is longer coat above the eyes and on the beard, legs, chest, and belly. Coat colors include black, brindle, and wheaten. The coat should be brushed several times a week to keep it clean and to prevent tangles and mats.
The Scottish Terriers coat needs grooming every six to eight weeks. Show dogs need to have their coat hand-stripped, while pet dogs are often clipped. Potential owners should discuss the breed’s grooming requirements with a breeder. Scottish Terrier puppies are full of fun and will play whenever they are not napping or eating. Adults are calmer and more dignified but never lose their sense of fun. A daily walk and a chance to play in the backyard will satisfy this breed’s exercise needs.
Scottish Terriers are intelligent but can also be independent and stubborn. Training an independent spirit requires patience and consistency. The training should also be firm but fun. Training should never be harsh; this breed will either turn off or fight back when faced with harsh training. This breed needs an owner who understands terriers. Scottish Terriers are companion dogs and although they like to play outside, they prefer to spend most of their time inside with their owners. They are good with children but will not tolerate rough play. They can be dog-aggressive. They are usually fine with cats. Health concerns include von Willebrand disease, Scottie Cramp, allergies, thyroid problems, cancer, and liver shunt.