Doberman Pinschers were created by Louis Dobermann, of Apolda, Germany, in the 1890s. Dobermann wanted a medium-sized dog who could be a companion dog and yet still serve as a guard dog. It is believed that Louis Dobermann used German Pinschers, Rottweilers, a black and tan Manchester Terrier, and a shorthaired shepherd to create his new breed. Some experts believe that there might also be some Greyhound mixed in. No matter what the ancestry, Louis Dobermann created a versatile working dog who has served ably in many capacities. In World War II, doberman dogs were integral to the success of so many operations that a war dog platoon was required to serve with every Marine Corps division.
Doberman Pinschers are dedicated, loyal companions.
The Doberman Pinscher today is a medium-sized dog who stands tall and carries himself proudly, making him look larger than he actually is. The Doberman Pinscher’s head is wedgeshaped, the eyes almond-shaped and expressive, and the neck well-arched so that the head is carried proudly. For dog shows, the ears are cropped, although today many people retain the natural ears, which are folded. The Doberman’s chest is broad, back is straight, and tail is docked. The coat is smooth, short, hard, and thick. The Doberman can be black, red, blue, or fawn; all four colors will have rust marking above the eyes, on the muzzle, throat, forechest, and all four legs, and below the tail.
Grooming the short coat is easy; brush it twice a week with a soft bristle brush or curry comb. During spring and fall, when shedding is at its worst, daily brushing will help keep hair in the house to a minimum. Doberman Pinschers need exercise, and a walk is certainly not enough. A run alongside a bicycle will be better, as will a vigorous game of catching a tennis ball or a good workout on the ground. Vigorous daily exercise is needed to keep a doberman fit and to prevent problem behaviors that will crop up when it is bored.
Doberman Pinschers today are much calmer than before, however, they are still excellent watchdogs and protectors. It’s very important that puppies attend a puppy class where socialization is emphasized, especially to a variety of people. An overprotected and undersocialized Doberman Pinscher can be worried and fearful, neither a good trait for this proud breed. Training should begin young, too, not just to teach household rules and social manners – although both are important – but also to keep that intelligent, inquisitive mind busy! The Doberman Pinscher breed thrives on canine sports. Doberman Pinschers are dedicated, loyal companions, excellent with people of all ages, although puppies can be rowdy and need to be taught not to play roughly with children. They can be good with other pets and, when taught not to chase, with the family cat. They can be aggressive toward unknown dogs. Health concerns include cardiomyopathy, wobbler’s syndrome, and von Willebrand’s disease.
Doberman Pinschers are the target of a mistaken stereotype of ferocity and aggression. As a personal protection dog, the Doberman was originally bred for these traits: it had to be large and intimidating, fearless and willing to defend its owner, but sufficiently obedient and restrained to only do so on command. These traits served the dog well in its role as a personal defense dog, police dog or war dog, but were not ideally adapted to a companionship role.
In recent decades, the Doberman Pinscher’s size, short coat, and intelligence made it a desirable house dog. Although these dogs are mistaken for their aggression, they are extremely loyal. They can easily learn to ‘Respect and Protect’ their owners. In response, they are excellent guard dogs that protect their loved ones. They are generally sociable towards humans and can be with other dogs, ranking among the more-likely breeds to show aggressive behaviour toward strangers and other dogs but not among the most likely. They are very unlikely to show aggressive behaviour towards their owners.
The Doberman Pinscher has ranked amongst the most intelligent of dog breeds in experimental studies and expert evaluations.
Many Doberman Pinschers are gentle, loyal, loving, and intelligent dogs, however, some lines are bred more true to the original personality standard. The personality of the Doberman Pinscher is peculiar to the breed. There is a great deal of scientific evidence that Doberman Pinschers have a number of stable psychological traits, such as personality factors and intelligence.
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